Dentistry is a broad field that encompasses various specializations, each focusing on different aspects of oral health. However, general dentistry remains the backbone of dental health care and serves as the first line of defense against oral health issues. This blog post will explore some common types of general dentistry that help keep smiles bright and healthy.

Preventive Dentistry

Preventive dentistry is perhaps the most crucial type of general dentistry. Its primary focus is on maintaining good oral health to prevent the onset of dental diseases. Regular dental check-ups, teeth cleanings, patient education, and X-rays are standard preventive dentistry practices. By identifying potential problems early, such as cavities or gum disease, preventive dentistry can save you time, discomfort, and money in the long run.

Restorative Dentistry

Restorative dentistry encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of tooth and supporting structure diseases. The ultimate objective is to restore both the function and aesthetics of the patient's dentition, ensuring a seamless blend of form and function.


Dental fillings are a widely used restorative treatment for repairing decayed or damaged teeth. The process involves removing the decayed tooth material, thoroughly cleaning the affected area, and then filling the cavity with a suitable material. This procedure not only restores the tooth's function but also enhances its aesthetic appearance.

Crowns and Bridges

Crowns, also referred to as caps, are used to cover and restore damaged teeth, enhancing their shape, size, strength, and overall appearance. On the other hand, bridges are utilized to replace one or more missing teeth. These bridges span the empty space left by the missing teeth and are securely cemented to the natural teeth or implants surrounding the gap.

Root Canal Therapy

When the nerve of a tooth becomes infected or the pulp gets damaged, a root canal treatment becomes necessary. This procedure involves the removal of the nerve and pulp, followed by a thorough cleaning and sealing of the inside of the tooth.

Cosmetic Dentistry

While not always considered 'general' dentistry, many general dentists offer cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of your smile. These treatments can range from simple color correction to replacing missing teeth. One example is teeth whitening, which is a safe and effective dental procedure that can transform the color of your natural tooth enamel, enhancing the beauty of your smile. This popular cosmetic treatment has the power to greatly improve the appearance of your teeth in most cases, giving you a confident and radiant smile.

Contact a dental services provider like Dr. Jon Douglas Lesan, DDS, RpH, PA to learn more.